Mauss, Marcel

Originally trained as a philosopher at the Universities of Paris and Bordeaux, Mauss spent his professional life as a researcher, despite never acquiring a doctorate. With his uncle, Émile Durkheim , and in the company of an impressive group of sociologists, anthropologists and historians that included Henri Hubert and Robert Hertz, he founded the influential journal Année sociologique, in which most of the fundamental ideas of social anthropology were first explored. Mauss's influence on social anthropology cannot be overstated. Through exploring the nature of gift relationships (The Gift, 1925) he exposed the principles of reciprocity that are unchallenged in either functionalist or structuralist anthropology. Indeed, it can be argued that the structural anthropology of Claude Lévi-Strauss would be unthinkable without its basis in the work of Mauss, not only with respect to reciprocity but also classification (see, Primitive Classification, 1903). The sociologies of exchange relations and belief systems have both been influenced by Mauss's ideas. However, despite the pathbreaking nature of his work, Mauss tended to write essays and critiques rather than books, often in collaboration with others of the Année sociologique group, and among sociologists his work has probably not received either the attention or credit that it rightly deserves. See also exchange theory.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • MAUSS, MARCEL — (1872–1950), French ethnologist, sociologist, historian of religion, and polyhistorian. Born at Epinal, Mauss was a nephew of emile durkheim , who guided his education and greatly influenced him. His early interests were mainly philosophy and the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mauss, Marcel — born May 10, 1872, Épinal, Fr. died Feb. 10, 1950, Paris French sociologist and anthropologist. Mauss was the nephew of Émile Durkheim, who contributed much to his intellectual formation and with whom he collaborated in such important works as… …   Universalium

  • Mauss, Marcel — (1872 1950)    French ethnologist. Born in Alsace, he was a nephew of Emile Durkheim. He taught at the University of Paris and at the College de France. In 1925 he founded the Ethnological Institute of the University of Paris. His works include… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mauss, Marcel — (10 may. 1872, Épinal, Francia–10 feb. 1950, París). Sociólogo y antropólogo francés. Era sobrino de Émile Durkheim, quien contribuyó en gran medida a su formación intelectual y con el cual colaboró en trabajos tan importantes como El suicidio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mauss, Marcel —   (1872 1950)   see disappearance , gift , impossible exchange , modernity , object and symbolic exchange …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Mauss — Mauss, Marcel …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Marcel Mauss — Born 10 May 1872 Épinal, Vosges Died 10 February 1950 Nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Marcel Mauss — (* 10. Mai 1872 in Épinal; † 10. Februar 1950 in Paris) war ein französischer Soziologe und Ethnologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 2 „Essai sur le don“ („Die Gabe“) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mauss — Mauss: Marcel Mauss Werner Mauss Mäuss (José Gervasio Rodríguez) Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marcel — Marcel, Gabriel * * * (as used in expressions) Aymé, Marcel Breuer, Marcel (Lajos) Carné, Marcel Dassault, Marcel Marcel Bloch Duchamp, Marcel Marceau, Marcel Marcel, Gabriel (Honoré) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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